Mata Bhag Kaur
Mata Bhag Kaur also known as Mai Bhago was a Sikh warrior woman, who led 40 Sikh soldiers against the Mughal in the year 1705. She herself fought against the Mughal in the battlefield. She was the sole survivor of the Battle of Muktsar. Mata Bhag Kaur was born in the village of Jhabal Kalan, Amritsar district of Punjab. She was the only sister of four brothers.
She was distressed to hear that some of the Sikh warriors near her village have deserted Guru Gobind Singh under adverse conditions. Finding these 40 men (Chaali Mukte) she convinced them to apologies for leaving Anandpur Sahib whilst it had been under attack and seek Guru’s permission to be reinstated as Sikhs. These Sikhs were allowed by Guru to leave provided they leave the Khalsa and avowing that they are no longer Guru’s Sikhs. Now the fate gave them chance to redeem themselves. Mata Bhag Kaur set off with these 40 Sikhs and some other Sikhs. Mata Bhag Kaur and the Sikhs waded headlong into the Mughal forces (around 10,000 soldiers), despite the fact of certain death. Mata Bhag Kaur was a great Sikh woman, with keski tied around her head, Khalsa uniform, with Kirpan fighting, she was the first woman in the history of Punjab, to fight in a battlefield.
Guru Gobind Singh had watched the battle from a nearby hill and with deadly accuracy had rained down a flurry of arrows on the Mughal fighters during the attack. When Guru Ji rode to the battlefield, he found that all of the 40 men died in the fight except Mahan Singh Brar, who was mortally wounded. Guru Gobind Singh pulled him onto his lap. It is said that the note men signed whilst leaving Guru Ji, slipped out of Mahan Singh’s clothes. Guru Ji picked that note and told Mahan Singh that all had died as martyrs and tore-up the paper.
Mata Bhag Kaur also suffered injuries in the battle and Guru Ji took her into his care. Thereafter she stayed with Guru Gobind Singh as his bodyguard. After Guru Ji left his heavenly abode in the year 1708, Mata Bhag Kaur retired further south. She settled in Jinvara and attained a ripe old age. Her home in jinvara has now been converted into a place of worship and learning, Gurdwara Tap Asthan Mai Bhago. Bunga Mai Bhago is situated in Takht Sachkhand Sri Hazur sahib, marking her former residence.
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